Saturday, August 15, 2015

The Plane Tree

by Aesop

Two Travellers, walking in the noonday sun, sought the shade of a widespreading tree to rest. As they lay looking up among the pleasant leaves, they saw that it was a Plane Tree.

"How useless is the Plane!" said one of them. "It bears no fruit whatever, and only serves to litter the ground with leaves."

"Ungrateful creatures!" said a voice from the Plane Tree. "You lie here in my cooling shade, and yet you say I am useless! Thus ungratefully, O Jupiter, do men receive their blessings!"

Our best blessings are often the least appreciated.


Vocabulary

Two Travellers - ခရီးသြားႏွစ္ေယာက္
in the noonday sun - ေနပူက်ဲက်ဲထဲတြင္
walking (walk, walking, walked, walked) - လမ္းေလ်ာက္သည္
sought (seek, seeking, sought, sought) - ရွာေဖြခဲ့သည္
the shade of a widespreading tree to rest - အနားယူဖို႔ သစ္ပင္အရိပ္အေကာင္းတစ္ခု
shade - အရိပ္
a widespreading tree - အကိုင္းအခက္မ်ားျဖန္႔က်က္ေနတဲ့သစ္ပင္တစ္ပင္
lay (lie, lying, lay, lain) - လဲေလ်ာင္းသည္
looking up (look up, looking, looked up, looked up) - အေပၚကိုေမာ့ၾကည့္ေနေသာ
among the pleasant leaves - ႏွစ္သက္ၾကည္ႏူးဖြယ္ရာေကာင္းတဲ့သစ္ရြက္ေတြၾကား (တြင္)
useless - အသံုးမက်ေသာ။ အသံုးမဝင္ေသာ
Plane Tree - အကိုင္းအခတ္ျဖာထြက္၍ ပင္စည္အေပြးကြာတတ္ေသာ အပင္တစ္မ်ဳိး
How useless is the Plane! ဘာမွအသံုးမက်တဲ့သစ္ပင္ပါလားေနာ္။
bear (bear, bearing, bore, born) - အသီးသီးသည္။ ေမြးဖြားသည္။ ေသးခံသည္
whatever - ဘယ္လိုပဲျဖစ္ျဖစ္
only - သာလွ်င္။ မွ်သာ
serves (serve, serving, served, served,) - တာဝန္ထမ္းေဆာင္သည္။ လုပ္ေဆာင္သည္။
only serves to litter the ground with leaves - သစ္ရြက္ေတြတစ္ပံုတစ္ပင္ႏွင့္ ကမၻာေျမကို ဝန္ထုပ္ဝန္ပိုးျဖစ္ေစရံုသက္သက္ပဲ
Ungrateful creatures! - ေက်းဇူးကန္းလိုက္တဲ့လူေတြပါလား။
grateful - ေက်းဇူးတရားကိုသိတတ္ေသာ
ungrateful - ေက်းဇူးတရားကိုမသိတတ္ေသာ
creature/ es - ေျခေလးေခ်ာင္းသတၱဝါ။ သက္ရွိသတၱဝါ
a voice from the Plane Tree - သစ္ပင္မွအသံတစ္ခု
lie - လဲေလ်ာင္းသည္
in my cooling shade - ငါ့ရဲ့ေအးျမတဲ့အရိပ္ေအာက္တြင္
yet - သို႔ရာတြင္။ ဒါေပမယ့္
say (say, saying, said, said) - ေျပာသည္။ ေျပာဆိုသည္
thus - ဒါနဲ႔။ ထိုေၾကာင့္
blessings - ဆုလာဘ္မ်ား
receive - လက္ခံရရွိသည္
Jupiter - ဂ်ဴပီတာ (ၾကာပသေတးၿဂဳိဟ္)
best (goog, better, best) - အေကာင္းဆံုးျဖစ္ေသာ
least - အနည္းဆံုး
often - မၾကာခဏ
appreciated (appreciate, appreciating, appreciated, appreciated) - ႏွစ္သက္သည္။ သေဘာက်သည္။

_____ အေကာင္ေခ် (ေက်ာက္ရိုး)
၁၆ - ၀၈ - ၂၀၁၅

Ref: http://americanliterature.com/

Omusubi Kororin (The Tumbling Rice Balls)

A Folktale from Japan

Once upon a time, an old couple lived in the countryside. They were happy, but they were poor.

One day, the old man went to work in the forest and took his usual lunch of three rice balls. During lunch, he dropped a rice ball, and it rolled into a hole in the ground.

He heard happy singing coming from the hole, so he dropped the other two rice balls into it. Inside the hole, some mice were having a party. They thanked him for the rice balls and invited him to join them.

After a while, the mice told him to choose a box as a reward for his generosity. He could choose a big box, or he could choose a small one. He thought about taking a big box, but he finally chose a small one. Back at home, he and his wife discovered that the box was full of gold coins.

A greedy neighbor heard about their good fortune and quickly made plans to visit the same hole. At the hole, he pushed several rice balls into it, and sure enough, the mice invited him in.

The greedy man wanted all of the mice's gold, so he pretended to be a cat. He started meowing loudly, and the frightened mice ran away.

The gold disappeared with the mice, so the greedy man got nothing, not even a rice ball.

Vocabulary

tumble (tumble, tumbling, tumbled, tumbled) - လိမ့္က်သည္
countryside - ေတာရြာေက်းလက္
sure enough - ေမွ်ာင္လင့္ထားသကဲ့သို႔ျဖစ္လာသည္
Once upon a time- တစ္ခ်ိန္တုန္းက၊ ဟိုး…ေရွးေရွးတုန္းက
mice-ၾကြက္မ်ား
mouse-ၾကြက္
in the forest- ေတာအုပ္တြင္ ၊ ေတာအုပ္သို႔
took- (take, taking, took, taken) - ယူေဆာင္ခဲ့သည္
his usual lunch of three rice balls - သူရဲ့ပံုမွန္ယူေနက်ေန႔လည္စာ ထမင္းဆုပ္ သံုးဆုပ္ (ေဘာလံုးေလးကို လံုးထားေသာ ထမင္းဆုပ္)
during lunch- ေန႔လည္စာစားေနစဥ္တြင္
dropped- (drop, dropping, dropped, dropped) - လႊင့္/လႊတ္ခ်လိုက္ခဲ့သည္
into a hole in the ground-ေျမႀကီးရွိ အေခါင္းထဲသို႔
heard- (hear, hearing, heard, hear) - ၾကားခဲ့သည္
happy singing coming from the hole-အေခါင္းထဲမွထြက္လာေပၚသည့္ ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္ေသာသီဆိုသံ
into it-ထိုအေခါင္းထဲသို႔
inside the hole-တြင္းေခါင္းထဲမွာ / အေခါင္းထဲမွာ
having a party - ပါတီပြဲတစ္ခုက်င္းပေနၾကသည္။ ပါတီပြဲတစ္ခု ရွိေနသည္
thanked him for  (thank, thanking, thanked, thanked)- အတြက္ သူ႔ကိုေက်းဇူးတင္သည္
invited (invite inviting, invited, invited) - ဖိတ္ၾကားသည္။ ဖိတ္မန္တကျပဳသည္
to join them - သူတို႔ (ၾကြက္မ်ား)ႏွင့္အတူပါဝင္ဆင္ႏြဲဖို႔
after a while - ခဏၾကာၿပီးတဲ့ေနာက္မွာေတာ့
as a reward - လက္ေဆာင္ ဆုေၾကးတစ္ခုအေနျဖင့္ /အျဖစ္
for his generosity - သူ႔ရဲ့ရက္ရက္ေရာေရာေပးကမ္းလွဴဒါန္းမႈအတြက္
thought (think, thinking, thought, thought) ေတြးေတာသည္။ စဥ္းစားသည္
think about +V-ing - ဖို႔စဥ္းစားသည္
about taking a big box - ေသတၱာႀကီးကိုယူဖို႔
finally - ေနာက္ဆံုးမွာေတာ့
back at home - အိမ္သို႔ျပန္ေရာက္ေသာအခါ
discovered (discover, discovering, discovered, discovered) - ေတြ႔ရွိခဲ့သည္။ ရွာေဖြေတြ႔ရွိခဲ့သည္။
was full of gold coins - ေရႊဒဂၤါးမ်ားျဖင့္ျပည့္ေနသည္
a greedy neighbor-ေလာဘႀကီးေသာ အိမ္နီးနားခ်င္းတစ္ေယာက္
about their good fortune - သူတို႔ကံေကာင္းတာႏွင့္ပတ္သက္လို႔
fortune - ကံတရား။  
good fortune - ကံေကာင္းေသာ
 quickly - အေဆာ့တလ်င္ ။ အလ်င္အျမန္။ လ်င္ျမန္စြာ 
made plans (make, making, made,made)- အစီအစဥ္မ်ားေရးဆြဲခဲ့သည္။
pushed (push, pushing, pushed, pushed) - တြန္းခ်လိုက္သည္။ လွိမ့္ခ်လိုက္သည္
several - မ်ားစြာေသာ
invited him in - သူ႔ကို အေခါင္းထဲသို႔ဖိတ္ၾကားခဲ့သည္
wanted (want, wanting, wanted, wanted) - လိုခ်င္ခဲ့သည္
all of the mice's gold - ၾကြက္ေတြမွရွိတဲ့ေရႊအားလံုးကို
pretended (pretend, pretending. pretended, pretended) - ဟန္ေဆာင္သည္။ အေယာင္ေဆာင္သည္
he pretended to be a cat - သူဟာ ၾကြက္ဟန္ေဆာင္ခဲ့သည္။ ၾကြက္အေယာင္ေဆာင္ခဲ့သည္။
started meowing loudly - မိေညာင္ဟု အသံအက်ယ္ႀကီးေအာ္လိုက္သည္။
loudly  - က်ယ္ေလာင္စြာ
meowing (meow, meowing, meowed, meowed) - မိေညာင္ဟုေအာ္သည္ (ေၾကာင္ေအာ္သည္)
miaow (US) - မိေညာင္ဟုေအာ္သည္ (ေၾကာင္ေအာ္သည္)
the frightened mice ran away - ၾကြက္မ်ားဟာ ေၾကာက္ရြံ႕၍ေျပးၾကကုန္၏
frightened - ေၾကာက္ရြံ႕ေသာ
ran away (run, running, ran, run) - အေဝးသို႔ထြက္ေျပးၾကသည္
disappeared (disappear, disappearing, disappeared, disappeared) – ေပ်ာက္ကြယ္သြားသည္
appear - ေပၚထြက္လာသည္။ ေပၚလာသည္
with the mice - ၾကြက္မ်ားႏွင့္အတူ
got nothing (get, getting, got, gotten or got)- ဘာမွမရခဲ့ဘူး။
not even a rice ball - ထမင္းဆုပ္ေလးတစ္ဆုပ္ေတာင္ မရခဲ့ဘူး။ 


____Ref: The Longman Academic Writing Series Level 3 : Introduction to Academic Writing - Page 29  မွ ကူးယူေဖာ္ျပသည္။

____အေက်ာင္ေခ် (ေက်ာက္ရိုး)
၁၅-၀-၂၀၁၅

Friday, August 14, 2015

Vocabulary Skills

aggressive (adj) - ရန္လိုေသာ
big-headed (adj) - မိမိုကိုယ္ကို အထင္ႀကီးေသာ
compatible (adj) - လိုက္ဖက္ေသာ
cruel (adj) - ရက္စက္ေသာ၊ ၾကမ္းၾကဳတ္ေသာ
neat (adj) - ေသသပ္ေသာ
punctual (adj) - အခ်ိန္ကိုက္ျဖစ္ေသာ၊ ေနာက္မက်ေသာ

ေအာက္ပါကြက္လပ္တို႔တြင္ အထက္တြင္ေပးထားေသာ Adjective တို႔ျဖင့္ မွန္ကန္စြာျဖည့္ေပးပါ။

a. ____________ carefully arranged and looking nice
b. ____________ behaving in a way that shows you think you are very important or intelligent
c. some who is __________ enjoys causing pain to other people or animals
d. ____________ behaving in an angry or rude way
e. ____________ arriving or happening at the time agreed on
f. ____________ likely to have a good relationship because of being similar

happy (adj) - ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္ေသာ
happiness (n) - ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္မႈ
happily (adv) ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္စြာ
enjoyable (adj) - ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္ေသာ
enjoyment (n) - ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္မႈ
enjoyably (adv) - ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္စြာ
pleasing (adj) - ဝမ္းသာအားရျဖစ္ေသာ
pleasure (n) - ဝမ္းသာအားရျဖစ္မႈ
pleasingly (adv) - ဝမ္းသာအားရစြာ
amusing (adj) - ရႊင္ျမဴးဖြယ္ရာျဖစ္ေသာ
amusement (n) - ရႊင္ျမဴးဖြယ္ရာ
amusingly (adv) - ရႊင္ျမဴးစြာ

ေအာက္ပါကြက္လပ္တို႔တြင္ အထက္တြင္ ေပးထားေသာ (adj/ n/ adv ) တို႔ကိုမွန္ကတ္စြာျဖည့္ေပးပါ။

a. We all laughed a lot because the joke was so ___________.
b. "It was a ___________ to meet you, Mr. Jones."
c. Sally and Tom said the party was really ________________.
d. "Thank you for a wonderful evening," I said ____________.
e. I finally found ___________ the day I met Clarissa.

___ အေကာင္ေခ် (ေက်ာက္ရိုး)
၁၄ - ၀၈ - ၂၀၁၅

မွတ္ခ်က္။  ။ ဆရာ့တီကရတဲ့ Hand out ကေနကူးယူေဖာ္ျပပါသည္။

Thursday, August 13, 2015

The Key to Happiness

Read this text. Then choose which statements you can infer.

The key to happiness may be great relationships with family and friends, or it might be a full and busy life. It could be having a job that you really enjoy. But whatever the key is for you, you must try to make it happen! If you're not happy, you should ask yourself why and try to change things. Think about your abilities and interests. What are you doing at? What do you like doing? What kind of life do you want to have? You don't have to change everything immediately, but never think that what you want is impossible. What you decide to change, you shouldn't worry about what other people may think. Just do it!

  1. It's always good to be busy.
  2. Different things make different people happy.
  3. It's important to change your situation if you are unhappy.
  4. Married people are happier than single people.
  5. It's important to listen to the advice of other people.

Modal Verbs

Possibility (ျဖစ္ႏိုင္ေျခကိုေဖာ္ျခင္း) -- may, might, could  - ႏိုင္သည္။
The key to happiness may/ might/ could be great relationship.

Impossibility (ျဖစ္ႏိုင္ေျခမရွိေၾကာင္းေဖာ္ျပျခင္း) -- can't - မ..... ႏိုင္။
Some people say you can't be happy without money.

Strong Obligation (ေလးေလးနက္နက္ျပင္းျပင္းထန္ထန္အႀကံျပဳခ်က္ကိုေဖာ္ျပျခင္း) -- must - ရမယ္။ 
Whatever the key is for you, you must try to make it happen.

Weak Obligation (သာမန္အႀကံျပဳခ်က္ကိုေဖာ္ျပျခင္း) - should - သင့္သည္။
If you're not happy, you should ask yourself why.

No Obligation (မလိုအပ္ေၾကာင္းကိုေဖာ္ျပျခင္း) - don't have to - မလိုအပ္ဘူး။
You don't have to change everything immediately.


Study the modal verbs above, and then choose the best answer to complete each sentence.

1. Believe it or not, you _____ be rich to be happy.
(a)  must not   (b)  shouldn't (c)  don't have to  (d) might not

2. Continuing to do a job you dislike _______make you unhappy.
(a) should (b) could (c) shall (d) ought to

3. Expert agree that you _____ except to be completely happy all the time.
(a) shall not (b) may not (c) should not to (d) shouldn't

4.  Happiness _______ be connected to religious beliefs, too.
(a) would (b) had better (c) shall (d) might

5.  Some people think that you _______ measure happiness.
(a) wouldn't (b) can't (c) must not (d) may not

6.  It _____ sound strange, but the best way to find out is simply to ask yourself "How happy am I?"
(a) can't (b) would (c) might (d) should

7. Research shows that you _____ be healthy to be happy, but it helps.
(a) shouldn't (b) can't (c) don't have to (d) must not

8.  To say happy in difficult situations, you ______ keep thinking positively.
(a) must (b) must not (c) can't (d) might not



မွတ္ခ်က္။  ။ ဆရာ့တီကရတဲ့ Hand out ကေနကူးယူေဖာ္ျပပါသည္။

____အေကာင္ေခ် (ေက်ာက္ရိုး)
၀၃-၀၈-၂၀၁၅

Wednesday, August 12, 2015

ဘာသာျပန္အပိုင္းအစမ်ား (၂) ႐ု႐ွားစစ္ေလယာဥ္မ်ားအား စံုစမ္းေထာက္လွန္ဖို႔အတြက္ RAF ဂ်က္တိုက္ေလယာဥ္မ်ားအား အေရးေပၚေစႊလႊတ္ခဲ့

RAF fighter jets scrambled to investigate Russian planes
႐ု႐ွားစစ္ေလယာဥ္မ်ားအား စံုစမ္းေထာက္လွန္ဖို႔အတြက္ RAF ဂ်က္တိုက္ေလယာဥ္မ်ားအား အေရးေပၚေစႊလႊတ္ခဲ့


(2)

Fighter jets were scrambled after two Russian military aircraft were spotted approaching UK airspace, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) has said.

Royal Air Force Typhoon fighter jets took off from RAF Leuchars in St Andrews, Fife, on Wednesday.
ဗုဒၶဟူးေန႔က ေတာ္ဝင္ေလတပ္တိုင္ဖုန္း(Royal Air Force Typhoon) ဂ်က္တိုက္ေလယာဥ္မ်ားဟာ စိန္႔အန္ဒေရာ (St Andrews) ႏွင့္ ဖိဖီ (Fife) ႐ွိ RAF Leuchars မွ ပ်ံတက္ခဲ့ပါတယ္။

= Royal Air Force - ေတာ္ဝင္ေလတပ္မေတာ္
= take off - ေျမျပင္မွပ်ံတက္သည္ (ေလယာဥ္)
take off, taking off, took off, taken off


(3)
The jets were sent to investigate the Russian planes, which are believed to have turned away shortly afterwards.
မ်ားမၾကာမီေနာက္မွာေတာ့ ျပန္လည္လွည့္ျပန္သြားတယ္ဟု ယံုၾကည္ရတဲ့ ႐ု႐ွားေလယာဥ္တို႔ကို  စံုးစစ္ေဆးဖို႔ရန္အတြက္ (RAF) ဂ်က္တိုက္ေလယာဥ္တို႔အား လႊတ္လိုက္ပါတယ္။

(႐ု႐ွားေလယာဥ္တို႔ကို  စံုးစစ္ေဆးဖို႔ရန္အတြက္ (RAF) ဂ်က္တိုက္ေလယာဥ္တို႔အား လႊတ္လိုက္ပါတယ္။ 
၎႐ု႐ွား ေလယာဥ္ေတြဟာ မ်ားမၾကာမီေနာက္မွာေတာ့ ျပန္လည္လွည့္ျပန္သြားတယ္ဟု ယံုၾကည္ရပါတယ္။)

=jets (n) - ဂ်က္တိုက္ေလယာဥ္မ်ား။
=to investigate (infinite)- စံုစမ္းစစ္ေဆးဖို႔/ရန္အတြက္။
= the Russian planes - ႐ု႐ွားေလယာဥ္မ်ား။
= believed (v3) believe, believing, believed, believed, - ယံုၾကည္ရသည္။ ယံုၾကည္သည္။
=turn away - အေဝးကိုလွည့္ျပန္သြားသည္။
=afterwards (adv) - ေနာက္မွ။
=shortly  (adv)  -  တိုေတာင္းစြာ။ အခ်ိန္တိုအတြင္း။

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ဥပမာဝါက်မ်ား
======
 S+Be+V3 - ခံရေၾကာင္းကိုျပျခင္း (Passive Voice)
The jets were sent. (Passive Voice)
ဂ်က္တိုက္ေလယာဥ္တို႔ကို ပို႔လိုက္သည္/ လႊတ္လိုက္ခဲ့သည္။
Some sent the jets. (Active Voice)
တစ္ေယာက္ေယာက္က ဂ်က္ေလယာဥ္ေတြကို လႊတ္လိုက္ခဲ့သည္။
The tourist were robed on the beach yesterday.
မေန႔က ကမ္းေျခမွာ ခရီးသည္ေတြလုယက္ျခင္းကို ခံခဲ့ၾကရတယ္။

N+ which+ V
the Russian planes, which are believed - ယံုၾကည္ရေသာ ႐ု႐ွားေလယာဥ္မ်ား
 (which ဟာ Relative Pronoun (conjunction) ျဖစ္တယ္။ ဒါကို Adjective Clause ဟုေခၚတယ္။ ၎ Which က the Russian planes ကိုအထူးျပဳတယ္။)

Who - ဘယ္သူသည္ (လူ - Subject)
Whom - သယ္သူ႔ကို (လူ - Object)
With whom - ဘယ္သူႏွင့္ (လူ - Preposition)
Which - ဘယ္အရာ (အရာဝတၳဳ ႏွင့္ တိရစၧာန္ - Subject ႏွင့္ Object)
That -  ဘယ္အရာ (လူ၊ အရာဝတၳဳႏွင့္ တိရစၧာန္ - Subject ႏွင့္ Object)

San San who is a nurse - နာ့စ္မေလးတစ္ေယာက္ျဖစ္ေသာ စန္းစန္း။
Twan Twan who is kissed - အနမ္းခံရေသာ ထြန္းထြန္း
The books which/ that were bought yesterday - မေန႔ကဝယ္ခဲ့ေသာစာအုပ္မ်ား
San San with whom I have studied English ငါ့ႏွင့္အတူ အဂၤလိပ္စာ ေလ့လာဖူးေသာ စန္းစန္း

I love San San who is a nurse.
နာ့စ္မေလးတစ္ေယာက္ျဖစ္တဲ့ စန္းစန္းကို ငါခ်စ္တယ္။
San San who is a nurse is my younger sister.
နာ့စ္မေလးတစ္ဦးျဖစ္ေသာ စန္းစန္းဟာ ငါ့ရဲ့ ညီမငယ္ေလးတစ္ေယာက္ျဖစ္တယ္။
The books which/ that were bought yesterday are very popular now.
မေန႔က ငါဝယ္ခဲ့တဲ့ စာအုပ္က အခုအခ်ိန္မွာ ေတာ္ေတာ့္ကို ေပၚပ်ဴလာျဖစ္ေနတယ္။
Do you want to read  The books which/ that were bought yesterday?
မေန႔က ငါဝယ္ခဲ့တဲ့ စာအုပ္ကို ခင္ဗ်ားဖတ္ခ်င္လား။

RAF fighter planes were scrambled to incidents such as this eight times last year, an MOD spokesman said.

=scramble - (v) (ေလယာဥ္) အေရးေပၚခ်က္ခ်င္းပ်ံတက္သည္။
=incidents - (n)  ျဖစ္ရပ္မ်ား
=spokesman - (n) ေျပာေရးဆိုခြင့္ရွိသူ


http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-27130125?ocid=socialflow_facebook

Common Verbs to Study by Heart = အလြတ္က်က္မွတ္ရန္အသံုးမ်ားေသာ ႀကိယာမ်ား

Common Verbs to Study by Heart = အလြတ္က်က္မွတ္ရန္အသံုးမ်ားေသာ ႀကိယာမ်ား

Come
= လာသည္
Go abroad
= ႏိုင္ငံျခားကိုသြားသည္
Close
= ပိတ္သည္
Open
= ဖြင့္သည္
Sit
= ထိုင္သည္
Stand
= မတ္တပ္ရပ္သည္
wake up
= အိပ္ရာမွ ႏိုးသည္
Get up
= အိပ္ရာမွ ထသည္
Eat
= စားသည္
Drink
= ေသာက္
Have
= စားသည္၊ ေသာက္သည္၊ ပိုင္႐ွိသည္
Sleep
= အိပ္သည္
Tell
= ေျပာျပသည္
Speak
= စကားေျပာသည္
Dance
= ကသည္
Jump
= ခုန္သည္
Walk
= လမ္းေလွ်ာက္သည္
Look at
= ၾကည့္သည္
Look for
= ႐ွာေဖြသည္
Look after
= ၾကည့္႐ႈေစာင့္ေ႐ွာက္သည္
Look down
= အထင္အျမင္ေသးသည္
Read
= စာဖတ္သည္
Write
= စာေရးသည္
Break
= ခ်ဳိးဖဲ့သည္
Turn
= လွည့္သည္
Apply (for)
= (အလုပ္စသည္)ေလွ်ာက္ထားသည္
Live (in)
= ေနသည္
Stay
= ခဏေနသည္
Take
= ေသာက္/စား/ ယူေဆာင္သည္
Wash
= ေလွ်ာ္ဖြပ္သည္
Switch on
= ခလုတ္ဖြင့္သည္
Switch off
= ခလုတ္ပိတ္သည္
Turn on
= ခလုတ္ဖြင့္သည္
Turn off
= ခလုတ္ပိတ္သည္
Die
= ေသဆံုးသည္
Pass away
= အနိစၥေရာက္သည္
Drive
= ေမာင္းႏွင္သည္
Ride
= စီးသည္
Watch
= ေစာင့္ၾကည့္သည္
Draw
= ေရးဆြဲသည္
Swim
= ေရကူးသည္
Get dressed
= အဝတ္လဲသည္၊ ဝတ္ဆင္သည္
Attend
= တက္ေရာက္သည္
Type
စာ႐ိုက္သည္
Spend
= အခ်ိန္ျဖဳန္းသည္
Differ
= ျခားနားသည္
Bear
= ေမြးဖြားသည္၊ အသီးသီးသည္
Build
= တည္ေဆာက္သည္
Succeed
= ေအာင္ျမင္သည္
Meet
= ေတြ႔ဆံုသည္
Prepare
= ျပင္ဆင္သည္ (အသင့္ျဖစ္ေအာင္)
Excite
= စိတ္လႈပ္႐ွားေစသည္
Take interest in
= စိတ္ဝင္စားသည္
Cook
= ခ်က္ျပဳတ္သည္
Destroy
= ဖ်က္ဆီးသည္
Discuss (with)
= ေဆြးေႏြးသည္
Agree (with/to)
သေဘာတူညီသည္
Guess
= ခန္႔မွန္းသည္
Explain
= ႐ွင္းျပသည္
Depend (on/upon)
= မွီခိုသည္၊ အမွီျပဳသည္
Remember
= သတိရသည္
Recognize
= ႐ုပ္ရည္ကိုမွတ္မိသည္
Finish
= ၿပီးဆံုးသည္
Waste
= ျဖဳန္းတီးသည္
Can’t resist + V-ing
= (မစားဘဲ) မေနႏိုင္
Fry
= ဆီျဖင့္ေၾကာ္သည္
Interest
= စိတ္ဝင္စားေစသည္
Please
= ႏွစ္သက္သေဘာက်ေစသည္
Annoy
= စိတ္အေႏွာင့္အယွက္ျဖစ္ေစသည္
Disappoint
= စိတ္မေက်မနပ္ျဖစ္ေစသည္
Infect
= ကူးစက္သည္
Rain
= မိုး႐ြာသည္
Ruin
= ပ်က္စီးသည္
Satisfy
= ေက်နပ္ေစသည္
Attract
= ဆြဲေဆာင္သည္
Act
= ျပဳမူလႈပ္႐ွားသည္
Obey
= နာခံသည္
Help
= ကူညီသည္
Care
= ဂ႐ုစိုက္သည္
Take care of
=ဂ႐ုစိုက္သည္
Doubt
= သံသယ႐ွိသည္
Desire
= ဆႏၵ႐ွိသည္
Believe
= ယံုၾကည္သည္
Complete
= ၿပီးျပည့္စံုေစသည္
Effect
= ထိေရာက္သည္
Affect
= ထိခိုက္ပ်က္ျပားေစသည္
Continue
= ဆက္လက္သည္
Disturb
= ေႏွာင့္ယွက္သည္
Hope
= ေမွ်ာ္လင့္သည္
Happen
= ျဖစ္ပ်က္သည္
Manage
= စီမံအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္သည္
Marry
= လက္ထပ္သည္
Engage
= ေစ့စပ္သည္
Brush
= ပြတ္တိုက္သည္
Deliver
= ေပးပို႔သည္
Boast
= ၾကြားဝါသည္
Increase
= တိုးတက္လာသည္
Decrease
= ဆုတ္ယုတ္လာသည္
Boil
= ဆူပြက္သည္၊ က်ဳိခ်က္သည္၊ ျပဳတ္သည္ (ၾကက္ဥစသည္..)
Operate
= စက္ပစၥည္းစသည္ကို ကိုင္တြယ္ အသံုးျပဳသည္
Confess
= ဝန္ခံသည္၊ ေဒသနာၾကားသည္
Respect
= ႐ိုေသ/ ေလးစားသည္
Quarrel (with)
= ရန္ျဖစ္သည္
Produce
= ထုတ္လုပ္သည္
Operate on
= လူနာကိုခြဲစိတ္သည္
Confirm
= အတည္ျပဳသည္
Declare
= ေၾကညာသည္ (စစ္/အေရးတႀကီးကိစၥ စသည္..)
Appoint
= အခုပ္ခန္႔သည္၊ ခ်ိန္းခ်က္သည္
Wait (for)
= ေစာင့္သည္
Admire
= ေလးစားၾကည္ညိဳသည္
Honour
= ဂုဏ္ျပဳသည္
Advertise
= ေၾကာ္ျငာသည္
Advise
အႀကံေပးသည္
Allow
= ခြင့္ျပဳသည္
Arrange
= စီစဥ္သည္
Ashame
= အ႐ွက္တကြဲျဖစ္ေစသည္
Attempt
= ႀကိဳးစားသည္
Blame
= အျပစ္တင္သည္
Broadcast
= သတင္းေၾကညာ အသံလြင့္သည္
Cancel
= ပယ္ဖ်က္သည္
Check
= စစ္ေဆးသည္
Choose
= ေ႐ြးခ်ယ္သည္
Escape
= လြတ္ေျမာက္သည္
Examine
= စစ္ေဆးသည္
Frighten
= ၿခိမမ္းေျခာက္သည္
Guide
= လမ္းညႊန္သည္
Know
= သိသည္
Imagine
= ေတြးေတာသည္
Celebrate
= ပြဲလမ္းသဘင္က်င္းပသည္
Develop
= ဖြံ႔ၿဖဳိးတိုးတက္သည္
Hate
= မုန္းတီးသည္
Improve
= တုိးတက္ေကာင္းမြန္ေစသည္
Import
= ႏိုင္ငံျခားမွ ကုန္ပစၥည္းမ်ား တင္သြင္းသည္
Export
= ႏိုင္ငံျခားသို႔ ကုန္ပစၥည္းမ်ား တင္ပို႔သည္
Inform
= သတင္းေပးပို႔သည္
Intend
= ရည္႐ြယ္သည္
Keep
= သိမ္းဆည္းသည္
Knock (at)
= (တံခါး) ေခါက္သည္
Manufacture
= ကုန္ပစၥည္းျပဳလုပ္သည္
Pretend
= ဟန္ေဆာင္သည္
Realize
= အမွန္ကိုသိျမင္သည္
Rent
= (အိမ္ စသည္ကို..) ငွားသည္
Request
= ပန္ၾကားသည္
Scatter
= ျပန္႔ႀကဲသည္
Search
= ႐ွာေဖြသည္
Surprise
= အံ့ၾသသင့္ေစသည္
Tear
=ဆုပ္ၿဖဲသည္
Translate
= ဘာသာျပန္သည္
Travel
= ခရီးသြားသည္
Trouble
= ဒုကၡေပးသည္
Visit
= အလည္အပတ္သြားသည္
Wander
= ေျခဦးတည္ရာ သြားသည္
Talk
= စကားေျပာသည္
Receive
= လက္ခံရ႐ွိသည္
Graduate (from)
= မွ..ဘြဲ႔ရသည္၊ ဘြဲ႔ယူသည္
Enjoy
= ေပ်ာ္႐ႊင္ခံစားသည္
Cultivate
= စိုက္ပ်ဳိးသည္
Explain
= ႐ွင္းျပသည္
Learn
= သင္ယူသည္
Enter
= အထဲသို႔ဝင္သည္
Practice
= ေလ့က်င့္သည္
Include
= ပါဝင္သည္
Publish
= ထုတ္ေဝျဖန္႔ခ်ီသည္
Encourage
= အားေပးသည္
Teach
= သင္ေပးသည္
See
= ျမင္သည္

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