Wednesday, August 19, 2015

Listening Skill: Border Crossings - August 18, 2015

ႏိုင္ငံတကာမွ ဂီတခ်စ္ပရိသတ္ႀကီးမ်ားမွ သီခ်င္းတိုက္ရိုက္ေတာင္းဆိုမႈကို VOA ကေန Live ထုတ္လႊင့္သည့္အစီအစဥ္ပါ။ ၾသဂုတ္လ ၁၈ ရက္ေန႔အတြက္ ထုတ္လႊင့္မႈကိုတင္ေပးလိုက္ပါတယ္။

Tuesday, August 18, 2015

Vocabulary : ထိုင္းႏိုင္ငံ ဘန္ေကာက္ၿမိဳ႕ Sathorn - ဆိပ္ခံတံတားတြင္ ေပါက္ကြဲမႈတစ္ခုျဖစ္ပြား

ယေန႔ ၾသဂုတ္လ ၁၈ရက္၊ အဂၤါေန႔ ေန႔လည္ ၁ နာရီ ၂၀ မိနစ္ခန္႔က ထိုင္းႏိုင္ငံ ဘန္ေကာက္ၿမိဳ႕ Sathorn - ဆိပ္ခံတံတားတြင္ ေပါက္ကြဲမႈတစ္ခုျဖစ္ပြားျခင္းႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍ Bangkok Post သတင္းဌာန Learn English က႑တြင္တင္ထားေသာ သခၤန္းစာကို တင္းေပးလိုက္ပါတယ္။

Bomb tossed at Sathorn pier, no injuries

18/08/2015

A suspected grenade was thrown at the Sathorn pier in Bangkok Tuesday but caused no injuries or damage. (ThaiPBS claims it was a pipe bomb, see here)

Witnesses reported that an explosive device was hurled at approximately 1.20pm from the Sathorn bridge near a parking lot for pickup truck taxis, bounced into the water and exploded there.

There were no immediate reports of injuries or damage.

Police closed Sathorn Road to traffic from the pier to the Saphan Taksin BTS station.

Sathorn pier is a terminal for Chao Phraya commuter boats and a short distance from the Skytrain station. It's also a popular stop for Chinese tour groups.

Vocabulary: 
approximately - ျဖစ္ႏိုင္ေျခ။ ခန္႔မွန္းေျခ။ ခန္႔။ နီးပါး။ မွ်ေလာက္
bounce - ျပန္၍ခုန္တက္ေစသည္။ ျပန္ကန္ထြက္သည္။
commuter - ပံုမွန္ခရီးေဝးအလုပ္ဆင္းသူ။
damage - ထိခိုက္သည္။ ဒဏ္ရာရသည္
explode - ေပါက္ကြဲသည္။
blast - ေပါက္ကြဲသည္။
blow up - ေပါက္ကြဲသည္။
burst - ေပါက္ကြဲသည္။
explosives - ေပါက္ကြဲေစတတ္ေသာအရာဝတၳဳမ်ား
explosive - ေပါက္ကြဲေစတတ္ေသာ
grenade - လက္ပစ္ဗံုး
hurl - ပစ္သည္။ (အားကိုသံုး၍ပစ္လိုက္သည္)
immediate - ခ်က္ခ်င္း။ ရုတ္တရက္။
injury - ဒဏ္ရာဒဏ္ခ်က္။ ဒဏ္ရာ။
parking lot - ယာဥ္ရပ္နားသည့္ေနရာ။
pier - ဆိပ္ခံတံတား။
popular - ထင္ေပၚေက်ာ္ၾကားေသာ။ လူသိမ်ားေသာ။
station - ဘူတာရံု။
suspected - သံသယရွိေသာ။
terminal - ကားဂိတ္။ ရထားဘူတာရံု။ ေလဆိပ္။
toss - ေဝးပစ္သည္။
traffic - မီးပြဳိင့္။
witness - မ်က္ျမင္သက္ေသ။

_____အေကာင္ေခ် (ေက်ာက္ရိုး)
၁၈ - ၀၈ - ၂၀၁၅

Monday, August 17, 2015

A Student's Introduction to English Grammar Ebook

Rodney Huddleston ႏွင့္ Geoffrey K. Pullum ေရးသားၿပီး ကင္ဘေရ့ခ်္ (Cambridge) ကထုတ္တဲ့ A Student's Introduction to English Grammar အဂၤလိပ္သဒၵါစာအုပ္ကို တင္ေပးလိုက္ပါတယ္။
ဤစာအုပ္တြင္ Clause အမ်ဳိးအစားေတြ၊ Phrase အမ်ဳိးအစားေတြ စသည္တို႔ကို အႏုစိပ္ရွင္းျပထားပါတယ္။ ဒါေၾကာင့္ အဂၤလိပ္စာကိုေလ့လာေနသူမ်ားအတြက္ အထူးအသံုးတည့္မယ့္ စာအုပ္တစ္အုပ္လည္းျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒီေနရာတြင္ ေဒါင္းယူလိုက္ပါ။

Vocabulary : Bom Blast in Bangkok - ထိုင္ႏိုင္ငံ ဘန္ေကာက္ၿမိဳ႕တြင္ ဗံုးေပါက္ကြဲမႈျဖစ္ပြား

ယေန႔ညေနက ထိုင္းႏိုင္ငံဘန္ေကာက္ၿမိဳ႕တြင္ ဗံုးတစ္လံုးေပါက္ကြဲေသာေၾကာင္း အနည္းဆံုး လူ ၁၂ ဦးေသဆံုးခဲ့ရၿပီး၊ ဒဏ္ရာရသူ အနည္းဆံုး ၈၀ ဦးရွိေၾကာင္း ႏိုင္ငံတကာသတင္းမီဒီယာေတြမွ ဖတ္ရတယ္။ ဒီသတင္းႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍ Vocabulary အခ်ဳိ႕ကို  ႏိုင္ငံတကာသတင္းေတြကေန
 ေကာက္ႏႈတ္ေဖာ္ျပေပးလိုက္ပါတယ္။

At least 12 dead as bomb explodes close to shrine in Thai capital
ထိုင္းႏိုင္ငံဘန္ေကာက္ၿမိဳ႕ေတာ္တြင္ ဗံုးေပါက္ကြဲေသာေၾကာင့္ အနည္းဆံုး လူ ၁၂ ဦးေသဆံုး

at least - အနည္းဆံုး
especially for visitors from East Asia -
twin explosions - ၿပိဳင္တူ / တၿပိဳင္တည္းေပါက္ကြဲမႈ
a major tourist attraction - ကမၻာလွည့္ခရီးသည္မ်ားအဓိကလည္ပတ္သည့္ေနရာတစ္ခု (ကမၻာလွည့္ခရီးသည္မ်ားအဓိက ဆြဲေဆာင္မႈရွိသည့္ေနရာတစ္ခု)
predominantly Asian tourists - အာရွတိုက္သား ခရီးသည္အမ်ားစု
most of those injured in the explosion - ေပါက္ကြဲမႈေၾကာင့္ ထိခိုက္ဒဏ္ရာရသူအမ်ားစု
shrine - နတ္ကြန္း။ ဟိႏၵဴဘုရားေက်ာင္း
explode - ေပါက္ကြဲသည္
blast - ေပါက္ကြဲသည္
the scene in Bangkok - ဘန္ေကာက္ၿမိဳ႕မွျမင္ကြင္း
after a bomb went off at the famous Erawan Shrine - ထင္ရွားေက်ာ္ၾကားတဲ့ ဧရာဝဏ္ဘုရားေက်ာင္းအနီးမွာ ဗံုးတစ္လံုးေပါက္ကြဲၿပီးေနာက္
in Thailand's capital Bangkok - ထိုင္ႏိုင္ငံၿမိဳ႕ေတာ္ဘန္ေကာက္တြင္
local media - ေဒသဆိုင္ရာသတင္းရပ္ကြက္။ ေဒသတြင္းသတင္း
Many of the injured were said to be foreign tourists - ဒဏ္ရာရသူအမ်ားစုဟာ ႏိုင္ငံျခား ခရီးသြားမ်ားျဖစ္ၾကတယ္
explosion - ေပါက္ကြဲမႈ
A bomb exploded in central Bangkok - ဘန္ေကာက္ၿမိဳ႕ေတာ္တြင္ ဗံုးတစ္လံုးေပါက္ကြဲခဲ့သည္
killing at least 12 people  - အနည္းဆံုး လူ ၁၂ ဦးေသဆံုးၿပီး
wounding at least 20 - အနည္းဆံုး လူ ၂၀ ဒဏ္ရာရ
scatter - လူစုခြဲသည္၊ တစတစစီကြဲထြက္သြားသည္
went off - ေပါက္ကြဲခဲ့သည္
Body parts were scattered across the street - ခႏၶာကိုယ္အပိုင္းအစမ်ား လမ္းသို႔ျပန္႔ႀကဲသြားခဲ့သည္
after the bomb went off outside the Erawan Shrine - ဧရာဝဏ္ဘုရားေက်ာင္းအျပင္ဖက္တြင္ ဗံုးေပါက္ကြဲၿပီးေနာက္

Bangkok Post မွာဖတ္မယ္ဆိုရင္ေတာ့ ဒီေနရာကိုကေနသြားေရာက္ဖတ္ရႈႏိုင္ပါတယ္။

____အေကာင္ေခ် (ေက်ာက္ရိုး)

Sunday, August 16, 2015

Reading Skills : Taylor Swift Releases New Single

Reading အတြက္ ဒီေန႔တင္ေပးမွာကေတာ့ ကမၻာဂီတေလာကတြင္ ထင္ေပၚေၾကာ္ၾကားေနတဲ့ အေမရိကန္ႏိုင္ငံသူ အဆိုေတာ္ ေတလာဆြိ အေၾကာင္းပဲျဖစ္တယ္။ ဒီသတင္းကို VOA Learning English က႑ကေန ၂၂ ရက္ ၈ လပိုင္း ၂၀၁၄ ေန႔ကထုတ္လႊင့္ခဲ့ျခင္းျဖစ္ပါတယယ္။
  Welcome to American Mosaic from VOA Learning English. I’m Marsha James.

Taylor Swift is one of the most successful musical artists ever.  She writes her own songs, plays guitar and sings.  She has won seven Grammy Awards.  She has sold tens of millions of albums.  The music star also has already earned more than $60 million in 2014 alone.
Swift is skilled in adopting new images and musical styles.  She began in country musicOver time, she moved to country-pop.  There was a rock and roll sound to some songs on her last album, “Red.”

This week, the 24-year-old star released a new single and video. She also announced a new album.  She said “1989” would be her first all-pop music record.
The single is calledShake It Off.”

The beat is clean and very danceable.  The message is simple: be yourself.  The song suggests ignoring people who insult you or cheat you and live your life the way you want to.  Swift sings about the “haters” and “players.”

 “Hater” is a popular term among American young people.  It basically means someone who is always disapproving and judgmental.  It is often directed at people who are angry or dismissive about someone else’s success or happiness.

American young people also use the termplayer” a lot. A player can be a person who performs in a sportYou could say, “Michael Jordan was a great basketball player.” But “player” is also used without a connection to sports.  It is used to mean a person, usually a man, who easily gains the love interests of many women at a time. A “playerusually dates more than one person at a time just for sex or just for fun

That is Taylor Swift performingState of Grace,” from her last album, “Red.”  It has rock and roll elements including heavy drums and electric guitar.  But what does the name of the song mean? A state of grace means the condition of being free from sin, or spiritual wrongdoing.  In “State of GraceSwift sings about a love that is pure and true although the lovers themselves may not be perfect. She sings, so you were never a saint / and I’ve loved in shades of wrong.  But the song says the love can be “good and right” and worth fighting for.

“1989” is to be released toward the end of October. We’ll make sure to play some of the songs, and talk about what they mean, at that time. We leave you now with Taylor Swift performing one of her major hits. This is “Mine” from the 2010 album “Speak Now.”

Vocabulary 

release (release, releasing, released, released) - ျဖန္႔ခ်ီသည္။ ထုတ္ျပန္သည္။ ေထာင္စသည္မွ လြတ္ေျမာက္လာသည္။
single - တစ္ဦးတည္း/ တစ္ခုတည္း
the most successful - အေအာင္ျမင္ဆံုးျဖစ္ေသာ
artist - အႏုပညာရွင္
one of the most successful musical artists ever - အၿမဲတမ္းအေအာင္ျမင္ဆံုး ဂီတအႏုပညာရွင္တို႔ထဲမွတစ္ဦးျဖစ္ေသာ
own - ကိုယ္ပိုင္ျဖစ္ေသာ
plays guitar (play, playing, played, played) - ဂီတာတီးသည္
sing (sing, singing, sang, sung) - သီခ်င္းဆိုသည္
won (win, winning, won, won) - ႏိုင္သည္။ ဆုရသည္။
Grammy Award -  ဂရိမ္းမီဆု (အေမရိကႏိုင္ငံတြင္ ေပးသည့္ ဂီတထူးခၽြန္ဆုႀကီး)
sold (sell, selling, sold, sold) - ေရာင္းခ်သည္
tens of millions of albums - အယ္လ္ဘမ္ေပါင္း (၁၀) သန္း
earned (earn, earning, earned, earned) - ဝင္ေငြရရွိသည္
more than $60 million - အေမရိကန္ေဒၚလာ သန္း (၆၀) ေက်ာ္
in 2014 alone - ၂၀၁၄ ခုႏွစ္ တစ္ႏွစ္တည္းတြင္
be skilled in + V-ing - တြင္ ကၽြမ္းက်င္သည္
adopt (adopt, adopting, adopted, adopted) - ေမြးစားသည္။ ေရြးခ်ယ္သည္။
on her last album, "Red"  - Red ဟုအမည္ရတဲ့ သူမရဲ့ေနာက္ဆံုးအယ္လ္ဘမ္တြင္
She began in country music - သူမဟာ Counry Music ကိုစတင္သီဆိုခဲ့တယ္။
over time - ေနာက္ပိုင္းမွာေတာ့
She moved to country-pop - country-pop ကိုေျပာင္းလာခဲ့တယ္။
the 24-year-old star - အသက္ ၂၄ ႏွစ္ရွိၿပီျဖစ္တဲ့ (ဂီတ)ၾကယ္ပြင့္
announced (announce, announcing, announced, announced) - ေၾကာ္ျငာခ်က္ထုတ္ျပန္သည္။ အသိေပးသည္
new album - ေတးစီးရီးအသစ္ (အယ္လ္ဘမ္အသစ္)
record - အသံသြင္းသည္။ မွတ္တမ္းတင္သည္
beat - ရိုက္သည္။ စည္းဝါးစည္းခ်က္
clean - သန္႔ရွင္းေသာ၊ ရိုးရွင္းေသာ
very danceable - က,ခုန္ျမဴးထူးဖြယ္ရာေကာင္းေသာ
ignore (ignore, ignoring, ignored, ignored) - မသိက်ဳိးကၽြံျပဳသည္။ လ်စ္လ်ဴျပဳသည္။ ဥေပကၡာျပဳသည္
insult - အျပစ္ေျပာသည္။ ေစာ္ကားသည္။
cheat - လိမ္လည္လွည့္ဖ်ားသည္
hater - လူတစ္ေယာက္ရဲ့ ေအာင္ျမင္မႈ၊ ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္မႈစသည္တို႔ကို အထင္အျမင္အေသးသူ။ တစ္စံုတစ္ခုကို လက္မခံပဲ ျငင္းပယ္ေလ့ရွိသူ။ အထင္အျမင္ေသးတတ္သူ
disapprove (disapprove, disapproving, disapproved, disapproved) - လက္မခံပဲျငင္းပယ္သည္။
judgmental - ေဝဖန္တတ္ေသာ
dismissive - အထင္အျမင္ေသးသည္
perform - ပါဝင္သည္။ က,ျပေဖ်ာ္ေျဖသည္
in a sport - အားကစားတစ္ခုခုတြင္
basketball player - ဘတ္စကတ္ေဘာ ကစားသမား
without a connection to sports - အားကစားတို႔ႏွင့္မသက္ဆိုင္ပဲ
at a time - တစ္ႀကိမ္လွ်င္၊ တစ္ခ်ိန္လွ်င္
just for fun - အေပ်ာ္သက္သက္
just for sex - ကာမအတြက္သက္သက္
date - ခ်ိန္းေတြ႔သည္
grace - က်က္သေရရွိျခင္း
heavy drums - ဒရမ္အသံမ်ားမ်ားျဖင့္
electric guitar - လွ်ပ္စစ္ဂီတာ
including  - အပါအဝင္
condition - အေျခအေန
being free from sin - အျပစ္မွကင္းလြတ္ျခင္း
wrongdoing - အမွားလုပ္ျခင္း
pure - စင္ၾကယ္ေသာ၊ စစ္မွန္ေသာ
perfect - ၿပီးျပည့္စံုေသာ
saint - သူေတာ္ေကာင္း၊ သူေတာ္စင္
shades - အရိပ္မ်ား
worth - တန္ဖိုး
the end of October - ေအာက္တိုဘာ လကုန္တြင္
make sure - ေသခ်ာသည္
at that time - အဲဒီအခါမွာ
one of major hits - အေက်ာ္ၾကားဆံုးထဲမွ သီခ်င္းတစ္ပုဒ္

___အေကာင္ေခ် (ေက်ာက္ရိုး)
၁၇ - ၀၈ - ၂၀၁၅

Vocabulary: Health and fitness

ဒီေန႔ Vocabulary က႑အတြက္ကေတာ့ က်န္းမာေရးႏွင့္ ကိုယ္ကာယအလွဆိုင္ရာေလ့က်င့္ခန္းႏွင့္ဆိုင္ေသာ စကားလံုးအခ်ဳိ႕ကိုတင္ျပေပးပါမယ္။

Taking exercise - ေလ့က်င့္ခန္းျပဳလုပ္ျခင္း

do - ျပဳလုပ္သည္
warm - အပူေပးသည္။ ေႏြးေအာင္လုပ္သည္
pull - ဆြဲသည္။
keep - သိမ္းဆည္းသည္
injure - ဒဏ္ရာရသည္
lift - မ,သည္။

keep fit - ကိုယ္ကာယလွပဖို႔အတြက္ေလ့ခန္းျပဳလုပ္သည္။
warm up - ေသြးပူေလ့က်င့္သည္
do some stretching exercise - ကိုယ္ခႏၶာကိုယ္ကို ဘယ္ညာယိမ္း၍ ေလ့က်င့္ခန္းလုပ္သည္။
lift weights - အေလးမ,သည္
pull a muscle - ၾကြက္သားကိုလက္ႏွစ္ဘက္ျဖင့္ ႏွိပ္ေပးသည္
injure a joint (your knee/ back) - (ဒူးဆစ္) အဆစ္ဒဏ္ရာရသည္


A Health lifestyle - က်န္းမာေသာ ဘဝေနထိုင္မႈ

lose - ေပ်ာက္ဆံုးသည္။
give up - လက္ေျမွာက္သည္။ အဆံုးေပးသည္။ ရပ္တန္႔သည္။
eat - စားသည္
take - ယူေဆာင္သည္။ စားသည္။
get - ရရွိသည္။ ေရာက္ရွိသည္။
cut down on - က်န္းမာေရးအတြက္ အစားအေသာက္ေလ်ာ့စားသည္

eat a healthy diet - အဟာရျပည့္ဝ၍က်န္းမာေရးႏွင့္ကိုက္ညီေသာအစားအစာကိုစားသည္
lose weight/ pull on weight - ကိုယ္အေလးခ်ိန္က်သည္။
cut down on sugar/ fat - သၾကားေလ်ာ့စားသည္။
take vitamins - ဗီတာမင္ဓာတ္ျပည့္ဝေသာ အစားအစာ စားသည္
give up smoking/ junk food - ေဆးလိပ္ျဖတ္သည္။ အသင့္ျပင္ၿပီးသား အစားအေသာက္ (ပီစာ စသည္) တို႔ကို ျဖတ္လိုက္သည္။
get a good night's sleep - အိပ္ေရးဝဝ အိပ္သည္။

go jogging - ေျပးသည္။ (ေလ့က်င့္ခန္းအတြက္ ေျဖးေျဖးေျပးသည္)
go swimming - ေရသြားကူးသည္။
go cycling - စက္ဘီးသြားစီးသည္
go  skiing - ႏွင္းေလ်ာ့ သြားစီးသည္

go for a walk - လမ္းေလ်ာက္ထြက္သည္
go for a swim - ေရကူးဖို႔သြားသည္
go for a run - ေျပးဖို႔သြားသည္
go to the gym - အားကစားရံုသို႔သြားသည္။
go to an exercise class - ေလ့က်င့္ခန္းလုပ္သည့္ သင္တန္းသို႔သြားသည္
go to a tennis club - တန္းနစ္ကလပ္သို႔သြားသည္

____ Tom Hutchinson ေရးတဲ့ English for Life, Intermediate Student's Book စာအုပ္မွ ကူးယူေဖာ္ျပပါသည္။
 

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